Maria: She kept on interrupting me with her silly comments, this woman.
Rory: She kept putting her ore in? But that's an idiom anyway, so it's not a phrasal verb.
Maria: She kept on interrupting. She kept on...
Rory: Butting in? For the benefit of the people not listening to this. Maria has just pointed to her behind, and that's how I got the answer.
Maria: Yeah. Rory is not good at phrasal verbs, obviously.
Rory: I'm good with butts, though. Sorry.
Maria: So to butt in means to interrupt. She kept on butting in with her silly comments. She kept on interrupting.
Maria: I really don't want to be part in any of this, but somehow I got involved into it.
Rory: You got dragged into it?
Maria: Yes, that's pretty good. But something else. So I didn't want to be part of this, but somehow I became involved into all this mess. So I got...
Rory: Oh, you got sucked into it. I won't tell you what Maria was doing to make that obvious, but...
Maria: Yeah. So, to suck in or into to become involved in something so.
Rory: But you can be dragged into something as well...
Maria: Yeah, but sucked into is more fun isn't it?
Rory: I guess so!
Maria: The first of all was butt in, and the second one is sucked in or into for example: "I can feel myself being sucked into all this." So being involved in it.
Rory: But let's not get dragged into a prolonged discussion of example number two, because we need number three.
Maria: Why don't you visit me for a short time and we'll see some movies?
Rory: Why don't we just stay in?
Maria: Not quite. So, like, visit me for a short time. Or, why don't we visit a pub? Why don't we visit a shop? Why don't we Mm hmm...
Rory: I have no idea. And no amount of waving your hands around and humming is going to make me have an idea.
Maria: Rory, what do people usually eat at the cinema?
Rory: Oh, pop in!
Maria: Yeah! So, to pop in - visit for a short period of time: "So why don't you pop in and see some movies". Let's pop into the shop.
Rory: You can also pop down to the shops. If you were listening to our episode on phrasal verbs with down.
Maria: So we can say: "Let's visit some place, let's pop into a shop".
Rory: Do you have another example or shall we break into the explanation?
Mechanics of phrasal verbs with UP
Maria: So phrasal verbs with in or into mean inside.
Rory: Yes, let's dive into some of these examples! So you can ask someone into your house after they've popped in for a visit. You can also pop around for a visit I've just realized.
Maria: So: "They asked me into the house" - they asked me to come in inside the house.
Rory: Of course, if they're a nice guest, you might want to take them to a restaurant, in which case you'll have to book in to a restaurant. And if you're very good friends, you might want to book into a hotel. And to be honest, book into a hotel is more common than book into a restaurant.
Maria: Hmm. Can I book myself into a spa?
Rory: You can, but when you're getting that massage at the spa, remember to breathe in deeply.
Maria: Draw in air, inhale, right? So: "Please breathe in".
Rory: And when you're done at the spa, you might want to go home and eat in, which means you just eat at home. I'm eating in tonight. Of course, in order to do that you'll have to order some food and you'll need to fill in a form.
Maria: Really? To order some food? Come on!
Rory: Well, I fill in the thing on Yandex food.
Maria: Ok, so fill in this form.
Rory: Oh man. I'm going to order McDonald's later. I'm going to get so fat! I won't be able to fit into my clothes.
Maria: No, if Rory gets really fat, he's gonna...
Rory: Be single forever...
Maria: So to fit in - get on in a group of people or have enough time or space for something.
Rory: Or fit into your clothes. But in order to meet those people, you'll have to get a train or a plane and your plane or train will get in hopefully on time - to arrive.
Maria: Yeah. Also, for example, when you get into a car, like your friend opens the door and says, come on, get in. Get inside a car or a taxi.
Rory: But of course, in order to get that train, you'll need some tickets and you might have to log into or log into your computer.
Maria: Yeah. Login or log into your computer.
Rory: And then maybe you'll like the place that you visit on a plane and you'll decide to move in with some people there, which means you start living in a specific place. Usually you move into an apartment, you don't move into a city, for example, you move to a city.
Maria: For example: "Rory moved in his new flat". When? When did you move in?
Rory: I moved into my new flat in November, I think.
Maria: And then Rory plugged everything in. So, he connected all the machines or electricity thingies.
Rory: And now that they're all plugged in I can just stay in and I don't have to go out at night.
Maria: Yeah, let's stay in - let's stay at home.
Maria: In can also mean "interrupt". So we've discussed before, for example, butt in.
Rory: You can also jump into a conversation.
Maria: Yeah, if you don't like the word, "butt" you can use jump, so: "Stop jumping in!". It means stop entering my conversation.
Rory: And finishing your sentences. I just jumped in there. Of course, it could get pretty tense in a conversation and you might have to step in.
Maria: Yeah. To get involved by interrupting something. For example: "The government should step in" - get involved.
To get involved into something
Rory: You talked about involvement and indeed in can mean to become involved, for example, you can count in someone, which means you can include them: "I'm having a party, count me in".
Maria: Yeah: "It's Rory's birthday in summer. Count me in. I want to get involved this time".
Rory: As opposed to the last time where you were counted out. But it's good that you're willing to be drawn into these kinds of events.
Maria: So to draw into to get involved in something: "Don't draw me into this mess". Like, don't get me involved into this mess.
Rory: Of course, in order to get drawn into something, you might have to sign in first.
Maria: Sign in - register in a hotel. Yeah. Or we usually sign in when you talk about some program, just sign in.
Rory: And of course, if you like your hotel, you might want to go out and take in the sights, which means you absorb information.
Maria: "Take it all in".
Rory: Maybe you like going on holiday on your own. On the other hand, you might like to go with people and you might throw in your lot with people, which means to join them
To visit briefly
Maria: The prepositions "in/into" can also mean visit briefly.
Rory: We already talked about pop in, but you can bump into someone.
Maria: Meet by chance, like. "I was walking down the street in the center of Moscow and oh! I bumped into Rory!". Oh, what a surprise!
Rory: You might do it by accident. Some people do it on purpose, in which case you call in on someone.
Maria: You stop and visit them. For example: "Last week we decided to call in on Vanya". You see? Three part phrasal verb - to call and Vanya. Or, "We called in to see Vanya".
Rory: There are others, of course. They don't fall into this neat categorization. You can use it to mean to inherit, you come into money.
Maria: Yeah, this is very strange. He came into a fortune or he came into money. It means like inherit something.
Rory: It could be, it's a strange situation, so you might have to look into it, which means to research something.
Maria: Yeah. Investigate, research. "They're looking into this problem" or "They are looking into the causes of the accident".
Rory: And if everything turns out OK, you'll need to let the knowledge sink in - slowly come to the understanding.
Maria: Yeah, to sink in - slowly come to be understood. For example, "All these examples, all these phrasal verbs of they need to sink in". So all the information needs to sink in.
Rory: But you don't need to be talked into buying our course!
Maria: You can say: "Rory talked you into buying this course". He persuaded you to do it, like, salespeople talk you into buying stuff. "We usually talk people into buying our premium episodes, which are super useful".
Rory: And we've turned people into fans.
Maria: Yeah, they became our fans, so we turned them into fans. "Offices can be turned into apartments", for example.
In/into can mean different things for different people. It can mean to interrupt to butt in, it can also mean to become involved, when you step in. And you can step into someone's home when you visit them briefly. So you might pop in to see them. Yeah, involvement, like, draw into, suck into, sign in, and of course there are others, but those are the main categorizations.
More useful phrasal verbs with IN/INTO
Chip in - to give some money when several people are giving money to pay for something together:
- We’re all chipping in for Maria’s birthday present.
- They all chipped in £100 and bought Maria a trip to Scotland.
Kick in - to start to have an effect:
- The painkillers have finally kicked in. I feel much better.
- It takes half an hour for the medication to kick in.
Break into - to suddenly begin to do something:
- He felt so happy that he broke into song (= suddenly began to sing).
- She walked quickly, occasionally breaking into a run (= starting to run).
Stay in - to not go out:
- I think I’d rather stay in tonight.
Bring in - to earn money:
- Rory likes his new job because he's bringing in a lot of money.
Take in - to understand completely the meaning or importance of something:
- I had to read the letter twice before I could take it all in.
- It was an interesting exhibition, but there was too much to take in at once.
Throw in - to do something actively and enthusiastically:
- Maria has thrown herself into this new job.
Hand in - to turn in or give work you have done:
- Rory was embarrassed about handing in his homework late.
Turn in - to submit or give work done for someone:
- Maria turns in her homework almost always on time.
Lock in - to lock the door so that someone can't leave:
- Maria was afraid that Rory might run away, so she locked him in (evil laugh).
Rush in - to enter quickly:
- The students rushed in because they were eager to learn.