This episode's vocabulary
- Exhibit (noun) - an object that is shown to the public in a museum
- Usher (verb) - to show someone where they should go, or to make someone go where you want them to go.
- Occupy (verb) - to fill; exist in; use a place or period of time.
- Thrilling (adj.) - extremely exciting.
- Overcast (adj.) - with clouds in the sky and therefore not bright and sunny.
- Complication (noun) - something that makes a situation more difficult, or the act of doing this.
Questions and Answers
M: Rory is going to describe a time when he waited in a line for a long time. He'll say when it was , where he was, why he was doing that and how he felt about it. Rory, could you be a darling and start speaking now please?
R: Well, I have to say, I'm not used to waiting in queues these days, but I can remember a time a while back when I first started teaching. When we were in one for a while, and it was at the Natural History Museum, which is in London. And I think that was in about 2015. I think it must have been. Well, no, it must have been the summer since that's the only time I'm ever in London, or at least it was the only time I ever was in London. And when I would have been working at a summer camp since I've been plenty of times in my childhood. And I don't feel the need to go these days. That's a good thing because no one can go. But when we do it. When we have summer camps we take the students there and they like to see the dinosaurs and all of the other exhibits that are inside the building itself. It's a huge place. And when we go with the kids summer camp, it's never just a few kids either. It's actually like hundreds. And we have to usher them inside in an orderly fashion. So you can imagine that this took ages when I was doing this kind of work. Thank God I don't have to do it now. It wasn't a very boring experience since we all had phones and we could speak amongst ourselves and of course you occupy the time by speaking to the students. Um, but you can imagine it wasn't terribly thrilling either. I'm just happy it was overcast that day because if it had been hotter. London has these like famous hot periods. So if it had been hotter than it might have been harmful for the students and no one wants that to happen because it could lead to complications. It's kind of the same when you're waiting in the subway stations for a train to come with a big queue of students and it's really hot. It gets quite risky. So I'm glad that didn't happen in the underground and I'm glad it didn't happen outside the museum.
M: What about the kids, did they enjoy that?
R: Well, they didn't enjoy waiting in the queue, but they enjoyed the result of going to the museum, so it was worth the wait, I think.
M: Rory, thank you so much for this lovely story. Now, so the task is to describe a time when you waited in a line. So to wait in a line or to wait in a queue. Queue is an interesting word. Wait in a line is more American and wait in a queue is more British, but people can say either is there any synonyms for like waiting? You wait in a line, you stand in a line?
R: You while away the time.
M: Oh that's a good one. While away the time.
R: You stand idly.
M: In a queue.
R: Yes. You have dead time in the queue.
M: Uh, I like that. Dead time. The last time I had dead time in a queue was. Yeah.
R: Well it's only dead time if you're not doing anything. Most people don't these days, because they have phones don't they.
M: But sometimes you do, you know, you're just standing there doing nothing.
R: When? When your phone runs out of battery?
R: God, I hate it when that happens.
M: Yeah. You don't have a life when your phone dies on you. Anyway, dear listener, please make sure that you do have some situation or you can make it up. Right?
R: You might have to. Waiting in a queue is really like, it's a such a random experience. So you could always start off by doing what I did, which is saying, like, this doesn't happen to me much.
R: Lots of commas.
M: Usually you can wait in a queue in a museum or in a shop or, for example, it's a Black Friday and you went shopping and there's a huge line.
R: Why would anyone go shopping on Black Friday?
M: No, I don't know, discounts. Craziness. I need this TV now.
R: You don't need that TV now.
M: I need those shoes now.
R: Ok, that I can understand from your perspective.
M: Yeah. Oh, for example, you in the hospital and you had to wait in the queue. Yeah. Or you take your driving test or, well, whatever. So Rory has used many grammar structures for a higher score.
R: Because there's precious little vocabulary that can be used to describe waiting in the queue.
M: Yeah. You guys. So he we're going to focus on some grammar structures. Again, these grammar structures can be used about any story. The first one is I'm not used to doing something. I'm not used to waiting in queues.
R: I'm not used to waiting in queues because this is not something that you have to do.
M: Yeah, that's not my habbit.
R: Have money. Sorry.
M: Rory, the posh, Rory the rich. Indespensible, imagine. OK, right. For example, I'm not used to getting up early, so it's not my habit. I don't get up early. I hate it. So, it's yeah. I'm not used to doing something.
R: I had to wait in a queue for my coronavirus vaccine. There you go. That's something thateverybody can relate to.
M: Well done, you. Did you have some dead time?
R: No, I was with John so it was OK. John is my best friend for anyone who doesn't know.
M: Hello John.
R: Hi John, you don't listen to this podcast, but I love you.
M: Oh, that was sweet. John's great.
R: And then Rory said it must have been the summer. Must have been, it must have been the summer. Model verb plus the perfect infinity.
M: For a logical deduction.
R: Yeah. So kind of, probably it was the summer. It must have been the summer because it was hot. Right. But Rory is not sure but kind of pretty much sure. So it's like ninety percent he is sure that it was summer. It must have been summer. Well, for example, you say the last time I was waiting in a queue was blah blah blah. I must have been very hungry, for example.
M: I probably wouldn't get a band 9 score for any of my conjunctions or connectors that I've used. I've just realized that I'd said like because and but quite often.
R: No, you said since. Oh good.
M: Twice. And since is a beautiful synonym to because. It must have been summer since that's the only time I'm ever in London. So because that's the only time.
R: Yeah. So try and avoid saying but and so it's boring.
M: Yeah. Vary your vocabulary. Since and as are good.
R: So I did say that, thank God.
M: And then you've said I would have been working at summer camp. Oh God. I would have been working. I would have been working. That's the third conditional.
R: If you say so.
M: It is. So I would have been working at summer camp, but you were not working. So if you hadn't gone to London, you wouldn't be working at summer camp. So we are talking about imaginative situations. So Rory didn't work at the summercamp, but he imagines, like, what if at that time in 2015 I would have been working?
R: Well, no, it's like referring to the past. I would have been working at summer camp because I've been plenty of times in my childhood. So it's like just confirming. I don't think it's a conditional structure. I think it's just me being expressing my certainty by the "would have been". It's like an extension of "must have been" for the past.
R: I think I've just killed Maria. Sorry.
M: Wow. Okay. There was a nice verb to usher. We had to usher them all inside, usher the kids somewhere.
R: You could say get. But it's a nicer thing to say, usher inside just like, come on, darlings, inside into the building. Please stop fighting and being on your phones and look at the dinosaurs.
M: Yeah. Can you imagine, like many kids, hundreds of them and Rory having to usher them all inside. Wow. And then you did use the third conditional. If it had been hotter, if it'd been hotter, if it had been hotter, it might have been harmful for the students. Wow. But it wasn't hotter.
R: So it's conditional plus "might have been".
M: Yeah, might have been. But again, it's a hypothetical situation. It's not real. And we are talking about the past. This 2015, if it had been hotter, it might have been harmful for the students, but it wasn't hot and it wasn't harmful for the students. The same way you can say something like if I hadn't waited for one hour I wouldn't have got or I wouldn't have bought this pair of shoes with a discount.
R: That sounds more like something you would say.
M: Yeah, yeah. Or if I hadn't gone there, I wouldn't have bought these shoes. Hmm. Third conditioning guys. Again, I understand that it's heft. It's a huge structure. It's lengthy. It's quite complicated. So you can research it and squeeze it in naturally into your story.
R: Another piece of vocabulary, if we switch over from grammar to vocabulary for a second is to describe the weather. So, we mentioned that it was hot, which is not very high level, but it was overcast, which means there were lots of clouds in the sky, not much sun.
M: Yes, the sky was overcast.
R: And also, instead of using the word fun, I also said it wasn't thrilling.
M: To be waiting in a queue for ages.
R: You could also extend it to me. It wasn't particularly thrilling. I didn't say that but you should.
M: It wasn't particularly thrilling to be waiting in a queue for ages, like forever. Yeah, and it's a good idea to comment on weather while you were waiting.
R: Now we've queued up a lot of grammar structures. We also have a queue of questions related to Part 3 to be getting on with. So let's end part two here and move on to part three. See you in the next episode.
M: See you in speaking part 3.
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