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Describe an invention that has positively changed the world

Part 2

This episode's vocabulary

  • Universally (adverb) - in a way that exists everywhere, or involves everyone.
  • To forced sb's hand (idiom) - to make someone do something they do not want to do, or act sooner than they had intended.
  • To interpret (verb) - to decide what the intended meaning of something is.
  • To immerse (verb) - to involve someone completely in an activity.
  • Off the grid (adj./adverb) - not connected to any of the main utilities (= electricity, water, etc.) and having your own power and water supply.
  • Dismal (adj.) - sad and without hope.


Questions and Answers

M: Rory is going to say what it is, what benefits it has brought, how it influences people of different ages, and he's going to explain how he feels about it. Rory, are you all ready?

R: Yes.

M: Excellent. Bring it on. Come on.

R: I think it's difficult to talk about something that has changed the world in a universally positive manner since I suppose almost everything has its upsides and downsides. However, if you forced my hand on it, I would have to say the Internet has brought many more benefits than disadvantages. If we define it as, I don't know, the total combination of human knowledge, communications and information being shared around the planet, then you can see how it's helped people out quite easily. They can store and process and call up information with greater speed and accuracy than before, assuming no one knows how to, or sorry, assuming one knows how to access, filter and interpret it. And those are crucial skills given the amount of useless and dangerous information on there. If we talk about its effects on young people, they're able to share information faster than ever, which allows for immediate feedback. And as the network expands, greater possibilities to do so from a variety of locations come with it as well. In the case of Middle aged or older people, I suppose the positive and negative effects are weaker, since they haven't been immersed in it to quite the same extent. So they might be at something of a loss at times. As for my personal feelings, I'd say I have a pretty favorable view of it. A lot of my work requires it to function. And I get a lot of entertainment through it. Even the books I've ordered, those are physical things, but I ordered them online. And I needed to stay in touch with my friends and clients and colleagues and members of my family. Sometimes I wish I spent a little less time on it and more time outdoors disconnected and off-the-grid. But I'm sure there will be time for that. Oh, no, it's a handy thing. And I couldn't imagine life without it, to be honest. But if I really put my mind to it, I think it would be, well, at least the world would be a bit grayer and more dismal as a result, and I wouldn't be able to get on social media.

M: What about your friends? Do they agree with you?

R: Well, I would hope so given that we speak about using the Internet all the time.



M: So Rory talked about the internet. That's a very smart thing to do. Because I think everybody can talk about the internet. And this is a great invention. Yeah? So invention, something that was invented, like, I don't know, a wheel, a bicycle was invented. And Rory was really inventive with this idea to talk about the internet. And Rory started with it's difficult to talk about something that has changed the world in a positive manner.

R: Yeah, I was just thinking, how can I extend this as long as possible? So instead of seeing an invention I would like to talk about is. And just go into it like a robot. You can recognize like, it's difficult. Lots of inventions have had positive effects on the world, but some of them have, some of them have horrible side effects.

M: True. Yeah, side effects, you know, because pretty much everything in life has upsides and downsides. So positive moments and negative moments. It's like Ian and Yang, how do you say this?

R: Yin and Yang.

M: Say it again.

R: Yin and Yang. What is it in Russian?

M: Yin. Yang.

R: Oh, alright, okay, well, it's kind of the same.

M: So kind of like two sides of the coin. So and then you say, okay, it's difficult to talk, but if you forced my hand on it, if you forced me to speak about one invention, I'd say the Internet has brought far more benefits than disadvantages.

R: Yes. And well, it does. And that's something that we need to talk about in terms of qualifications, you bring benefits, or you bring benefits of something.

M: Yeah, because you see, you need to paraphrase the task. The task says, something an invention that has positively changed the world. So we paraphrase something that changed the world in a positive manner. Something that has brought more benefits than drawbacks or then disadvantages. You see? Crafty paraphrasing.

R: Although you could linger on that idea for a while. Like to be honest, if you have to talk about anything in a positive way, you can spend a lot of time saying, well, you know, it's got lots of benefits, but it's not always universally beneficial. There's the whole yin yang thing, the flip side of the coin and everything like that, you just fire there. And then you can turn it around and say, but on balance, it's got more positives than negatives.

M: Yeah, dear listener, and the task just asks you to talk about something like positive, right? But again, that's why you can explain it to the examiner that okay, just there might be some problems. But I think general is more positive. Then Rory told us that the internet, so we can store information. Process. What else can we do with the Internet?

R: Call up information, but call up not like call up on your phone, but call up like find and bring forth the information.

M: Yeah, search for something, find the things, call up information. And yeah, we can access pretty much anything. Well, you know what the internet is. It's pretty much our life these days. So how long can you survive without the Internet? Two minutes?

R: Me?

M: Yeah. Thirty seconds?

R: No, when I read the book, like I can read for hours without the Internet.

M: Really?

R: Can you do that?

M: Ah, no. Yeah, if I kind of, if I really try, I can. But usually I have my phone with me. And yeah, I get distracted. But also Rory told us about the amount of useless or dangerous information there.

R: To be honest, that would have been a good time to talk about misinformation and disinformation.

M: Yeah, fake news.

R: Yeah, I didn't talk about it there. But I should have.

M: And then as for the effects on people, if we talk about its effects. So the effects of the internet, its effects on people, we are able to share information faster. We get immediate feedback. So immediate answers from different people. And we have like greater possibilities, opportunities, like for young people. Yeah, then Rory mentioned for older people, because again, the task asks you to discuss different effects on different ages. So young people, then older people might find useful information on the internet. But they might be at a loss at times. Yeah? So in case of middle-aged or older people, these people might be at a loss at times, so they might be lost in this sea of the internet. Yeah? The internet.

R: Probably important to point out the modal there. Might be. You don't want to discriminate too much against older people.

M: Might be. Yeah, or might be not. As for my personal feelings.

R: That's a good introduction to that, isn't it?

M: Yeah, cool. Yeah. As for my personal feelings, I'd say I have a pretty favorable view of it. So something that's favorable is what?

R: Well, positive.

M: Yeah, you see. We're kind of paraphrasing this positive change, favorable view, or I really enjoy it. Rory talked about getting a lot of entertainment through the internet. Or you can say via the internet.

R: Yeah, I was thinking about via, but then we've used via before.

M: Yeah, and then you can give some examples, right? So you can order books online, stay in touch with your friends, clients, colleagues. So do whatever you want in this virtual world of the Internet.

R: And then I was running out of things to talk about. So I decided to switch over and talk about what life would be like without it. Or maybe the downsides for myself personally.

M: And it's a good strategy. If you don't know what to say. Just add more details. So here Rory talked about, okay, what would I do without it? So I couldn't imagine my life without it. Or you can say something about the negative effects of the internet. Again, dear listener, it's not a must to follow the instructions on the card. You can add details, you can add more to your story, which is not on the card. Okay?

R: As long as we're talking about what we're supposed to be.

M: Yeah, yeah, so just feel free to add details. So it's okay to go off topic a little bit. Yeah? So that's fine if you add more details. What helps you to organize your answer? Rory, tell us.

R: Well, the card, but if you talk about it in more detail, which we have here, I started off with, I think it's more difficult to talk about something that's changed the world in a universally positive manner. So dwelling on this idea that it's really difficult to talk about something in a positive way all the time. And then introducing the actual thing and saying if you forced my hand. So moving into the actual thing itself, then talking about what you can do with it. So we can store information, we can process it, and then talking about the skills required to use it. And then moving into talking about people of different ages. So I was very lazy. And I picked younger and older people. And I used if to introduce young people. So if we talk about its effect on young people, and then switched over to older people, in the case of middle-aged and older people, and then I brought it to a close by talking about my feelings as for my personal feelings, so personal feelings, how you feel about it. And then because I realized I still had more time, I'd started talk about what life would be like if we didn't have this invention in a bit more detail.

M: Yes. Excellent. Dear listener, make sure that you choose an invention that you can talk about, avoid choosing something that you don't know any vocabulary about, or is difficult to describe. I think the internet would be a really great idea. You can also talk about a bicycle. If a bicycle has changed the world in a positive way. Yeah? I don't know, the phone, for example, electricity.

R: Do you think that's true?

M: Bicycle? I think so, yeah. Yeah, cycling is good for health, if used in moderation, even for for all different age groups. So even if a person's health is not really good, so still they can kind of ride the bike. So yeah, it's kind of it's nice. Again, if you feel like it, if you don't like it, then no. So think about it. So the internet, electricity, penicillin, but if you talk about penicillin, this antibiotics, so please make sure that you know the vocabulary. Thank you very much for listening! And we'll get back to you in speaking part three, where we talk about inventions! Bye!

R: Bye!


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