This episode’s vocabulary
- Diverse (adj.) - including many different types of people or things.
- Overbearing (adj.) - too confident and too determined to tell other people what to do, in a way that is unpleasant.
- To convey (verb) - to express a thought, feeling, or idea so that it is understood by other people.
- To expose (adj.) - to subject something or somebody to the action of something or somebody
- Controversial (adj.) - causing disagreement or discussion.
- Chaos (noun) - a state of total confusion with no order.
- Demure (adj.) - If you describe someone as demure, you mean they are quiet and rather shy, usually in a way that you like and find appealing, and behave very correctly.
- Trap (noun) - a device or enclosure designed to catch and retain animals, typically by allowing entry but not exit or by catching hold of a part of the body.
Questions and Answers (Part 3)
Maria: What kinds of music are most popular in your country?
Rory: That's a very good question! It's so diverse and varied. I have absolutely no idea. My guess would be - rock and pop music. This is what you hear on the radio a lot of the time. Maybe traditional highland bands are more popular in some places, but I think the first two are the most popular just based on the evidence.
Maria: Is it necessary for the government to encourage all children to learn music?
Rory: I think that might be a little bit overbearing on the part of the government. I suppose some culture is conveyed by music, so there should be some awareness of it. But that should be the choice of the school board because they work with the parents and the teachers, not the government. And even then, that might be a little bit too much.
Maria: Do you think music lessons are important?
Rory: Well, if you want to be a musician, then yes. And I suppose when you're younger, being exposed in childhood helps determine if that's possible. But it's maybe not the highest priority. There are other ways to find this out, not just music lessons at school, but how you respond to music at home, for example.
Maria: Why do many young people spend much money on music concerts?
Rory: I suppose it's part of their identity and how many of them define themselves... It's sort of like people spending money on religious icons and the like. People want to feel a part of something. And you do that by going to a music concert or gig.
Maria: There's a lot of pirated music. Do you agree that we should support official music?
Rory: Um, actually, no, I don't. This might be a somewhat controversial opinion to hold, but I think actually piracy can be a driver of innovation in marketing and the connections between an artist and their audience. So, for example, it just means that you have to... If you're an artist, for example, you have to to find new ways of reaching your audience and encouraging them to buy your music. And the other thing is it's always going to be there and there's not much that can be done about it. So it's better to work around the problem than try to solve it.
Maria: There is a saying: "Music is like maths." Would you agree?
Rory: I'm not sure what that's supposed to mean, actually. If it means it's pleasant, then I suppose I disagree because music is... Well, music is, so it's pleasant and maths is not so... But if it means that they're are complex and difficult for people to do, then I would agree with that. So it depends what you mean.
Maria: Do you think music concerts are suitable for the elderly to attend?
Rory: Well, I don't think they're suitable for anyone to attend now. They are loud hard to get into, expensive, and you're surrounded by barely organized chaos. I have no idea why anyone would want to go there, least of all older people. Unless it's an orchestra, they might like that. It's usually a bit more demure.
Maria: Why do you think shopping malls often have background music?
Rory: Because it's a trap. It's designed to make you stay and buy more things because you're more relaxed and you want to stay there. People need to know that so they don't fall for it and waste their time and money.
Maria: Do you think older people like the same music as younger people?
Rory: Um, I'm not sure. I think music represents the ideals of different generations, so it might be hard for many older people to cross that divide. Maybe if they're more rebellious in that particular way or want to relate to younger people, they could, but I don't think that's the norm. With that being said, given the increasing diversity of music and musical tastes, who can say what's proper and what's not?