This episode's vocabulary
- To chirp (verb) - (especially of a bird) to make a short high sound or sounds.
- Chaotic (adj.) - in a state of total confusion with no order.
- To unwind (verb) - to relax and allow your mind to be free from worry after a period of work or some other activity that has made you worried.
- Treacherous (adj.) - if the ground or sea is treacherous, it is extremely dangerous, especially because of bad weather conditions.
- Cliche (noun) - a saying or remark that is very often made and is therefore not original and not interesting.
- Paddle (noun) - a short pole with a wide, flat part at one end or both ends, used for moving a small boat or canoe through the water.
- Inland (adj.) - in the middle of a country, away from the sea.
- Sunbathing (noun) - the activity of sitting or lying in the sun to make your skin darker.
- Wound (noun) - a damaged area of the body, such as a cut or hole in the skin or flesh made by a weapon.
- Limb (noun) - an arm or leg of a person or animal.
- Distressing (adj.) - upsetting or worrying.
- Vigilant (adj.) - always being careful to notice things, especially possible danger.
- Enterprise (noun) - an organization, especially a business, or a difficult and important plan, especially one that will earn money.
- Yachting (noun) - the sport or activity of sailing yachts.
- Waterskiing (noun) - a sport in which you are pulled along the surface of the water by a boat, while balancing on a pair of skis.
- Kitesurfing (noun) - a sport in which you move across water by standing on a board and holding onto the strings of a large kite (= a piece of cloth on a frame, that is moved by the wind).
- Sedate (adj.) - avoiding excitement or great activity and usually calm and relaxed.
- Uninhabitable (adj.) - not habitable (= suitable to live in).
- Wasteland (noun) - a large area of land that has not been developed, usually because it cannot be easily used.
- To exploit (verb) - to use something in a way that helps you.
Questions and Answers
M: Do people relax when they see nature?
R: Well, I want to know depends on the kind of nature you're experiencing, doesn't it? If you're lying on the grass, like sort of listening to chirping of cicadas looking at the trees, and the clouds, and the sky, then you'll be relaxed, because you're almost at one with nature. But if you see a cloud of mosquitoes overhead that are about to eat you alive, then that will be decidedly less relaxing, because you're associated with discomfort.
M: What kind of people like to rest by the sea?
R: I suppose that's contingent on what they're doing near the sea, or what the sea is doing to them. Like, for example, if the water is calm, and you perhaps have a chaotic life, then you're looking to unwind and chill.
M: Why do people like spending time by the sea?
R: Well, it's fun and relaxing and equal measures. Assuming the water and the weather isn't treacherous. You can go swimming, fishing, sailing, and all the other things that allow you to enjoy the openness and freedom that the sea offers.
M: Do you think that more people go to the sea now than they used to?
R: Um, well, there are more people in general. So yes.
R: Well, for the reasons that I mentioned. The number of people's changed, but the reasons for going to the sea haven't.
M: What activities do people usually do by the sea?
R: Well, I mentioned the main ones just there. But there's always this sort of cliche of long walks by the beach and having picnics and going paddling. So like things that require minimal movement and maximum relaxation.
M: Is it popular to go to the seaside in your country?
R: Oh, yeah. Well, I mean, in fact, most of our population is located on the coast. Not many people live inland. And it's almost like they're sort of drawn to the sea and water. Especially in the summer when they can go paddling and sunbathing.
M: What are the advantages and disadvantages of spending time by the sea?
R: Oh, it's definitely relaxing and restorative for almost everyone. Though, there's this sort of ever-present danger of drowning or having an accident. I remember hearing about an illness that you can get when microbes infect open wounds and your limbs can fall off. That's quite distressing. But I should stress that's only a minority of cases. But it's worth keeping in mind.
M: Why do children like the sea better than adults?
R: Well, I'm not sure they do, actually. I think they just express their emotions about how pleased they are with the whole thing more openly. I mean, it's possible that adults have greater awareness of the dangers involved, so they have to be more vigilant, but that's reaching a bit, isn't it?
M: What types of jobs are connected with the sea?
R: Well, you could probably argue that all of our jobs are connected to the sea since we needed to live and trade and so on. I guess the more direct connections can be seen in fishing enterprises,naval construction, and warfare, and leisure activities like yachting.
M: What's the difference between the activities that young people and old people do by the sea?
R: Well, this might be generalizing a bit, but I suppose young people prefer more energetic activities like waterskiing and kitesurfing, while older people engage in more sedate activities like sunbathing.
M: What about the future? Do you think that our attitude towards going to the sea will change?
R: Well, it might if we continue to pollute it at the rate that we are. Some parts might become less attractive for visitation than others.
M: Could it be less sea in the future?
R: Well, there might be but it seems like there's going to be more sea if the ice caps melt.
M: And do you think that companies will invest more money into sea resorts attracting tourists to the coast?
R: Well, that's a good question that will depend on the quality of the area of coast that we're talking about. I mean, if it's an uninhabitable wasteland, then you know, what's the point. But if it's a nice place to go, then yeah, they should exploit that. It's logical for them.
M: Thank you, Rory, for your expert answers.
R: A sea of vocabulary.
M: Leisure activities. Yeah, about the sea we talked about nature as well. And, a nice answer... Yeah, like people enjoy nature if you're lying in the grass, listening to the chirping of cicadas.
R: Cicadas. They're like small bugs. Well, they can. But most of them it's like gentle chirping.
M: Cicadas? Have you ever listened to any cicadas.
R: We were listening to them in the grass that weekend.
M: Maybe you mean grasshoppers or some other bugs but cicadas go crazy.
R: It doesn't sound like that.
M: No? Okay, I'm googling. Cicada sounds. There we go, 10 hours of cicada.
R: Can we just listen to the first 10 seconds?
M: Yeah, I'm pretty sure cicadas go.
R: Yeah, that's okay.
M: Okay, so you like that.
R: Well, some people find it quite relaxing.
M: Okay, all right. Right. Yep. So, chopping. Can birds chop?
M: The chopping of the bird.
R: They can also sing.
M: Singing of the birds.
R: Cicadas sing also.
M: Yeah. And because you're almost at one with nature. You're at one with nature. I'm at one with the sea. Is it okay?
R: You can feel at one with nature.
M: Can I feel at one with the sea? Yeah, like I enjoy it. I'm at home.
R: It's important to point out it's just like a way of saying like, I feel harmony with nature. Relaxed, calm.
M: Yeah. But if you see a cloud of mosquitoes, they do cause some discomfort.
R: Because they might eat you alive. It's important to point out I don't mean to literally eat you alive. But you know, it means it's gonna look like they ate you alive.
M: Yeah, and something you said about limbs can fall off. So you swim in the sea lalala. And then some microbes. Oh Gosh.
R: Microbes are just another way of talking about bacteria that are a little bit more active.
M: Microbes can infect wounds, and then limbs can fall off.
R: Yes, it's a really, really rare disease. But you know, people worry about this kind of thing.
M: Oh, God. I wouldn't say that. Because the examiner might be like stop it, you know, I don't want to hear it. But anyway, very specific vocabulary. So you're doing something near the sea, by the sea, or by the coast. By the beach you have picnics. You go paddling. Paddling in like canoe.
R: And, well, paddling like just when you walk around, like where I'm from paddling is just when you take your shoes and socks off and roll up your trousers and then you go for a small walk in the sea.
M: Oh, so it's not like you have a paddle, and you row.
R: No, very different.
M: Oh, okay, paddling. So walking.
R: Walking in the water is paddling.
M: Paddling, nice. Going paddling. People are drawn to the sea. Yeah, we've used this about social media so people can be drawn to social media. People usually are usually drawn to the sea.
R: For its restorative effects, which means it just makes you feel better. Yeah. Restore yourself.
M: Yeah. Restore yourself by the sea. So speaking about the activities, you can go swimming, you can go fishing and we say go fishing, go swimming, go sailing. So these are specific water-related activities. If the weather is not treacherous. Treacherous. Treacherous weather.
R: Treacherous just means like, well, first of all, it's like dangerous and changes quite quickly.
M: Like stormy weather, rainy weather. Yeah, I enjoy going to this beach if the weather is not treacherous. Yep, yeah. We go sunbathing. Okay, so the word is to sunbathe, and go sunbathing. Okay, so you lie in the sun. So the activity is called sunbathing.
R: There are other activities that we can do in the sea. Fishing enterprises, which is just another way of saying like companies that engage in fishing, so they might have one ship or they might have many ships for fishing, naval construction and warfare just means anything connected to the military in the sea.
M: In the Navy, yeah.
R: Yeah. And leisure activities, things for fun, like yachting, which is another way of saying sailing. I imagine there's a difference, but really...
M: No, no, it's okay.
R: There is a difference between sailing and yachting. But like it's so small.
M: Yeah, the question was about what types of jobs are connected with the sea. So yeah, fishing enterprises or fishing industries, naval construction, right.
R: But there are yachting companies that take you out in a yacht.
M: Oh, yeah. Yeah.
R: If you can't afford your own yacht.
M: Would you buy your own yacht?
M: No? Why not?
R: What would I use it for? What a phenomenal waste of money...
M: But can you imagine like, in summer, on a sunny day, you take your friends you have this yard, you go there, there's water, beautiful trees, you're on this yard, line down drinking champagne, listen to music, dancing, you know.
R: You can do that on the beach, why do you need to be on a yacht?
M: Because you are in the middle of the water. You're right there.
R: You get there and you need to go back. This requires too much planning for me.
M: Okay, I like being on a yacht.
R: Have you been on a yacht?
M: Yeah, yeah. I've been to a proper yacht, no, I've been on a proper yacht, you know, with a sail and stuff. Yeah, in Hungary. I went tango and I met this rich... Hello, rich businessman. Well, that's a juicy story from Maria. Yeah. And then we went on a holiday in Hungary. And he had really rich friends with yachts and companies and everything. So I rubbed shoulders with the movers and shakers of Hungarian food industries. Yes, so being on a yacht was nice.
R: You started off so strong. Like I rubbed shoulders with the movers and shakers of Hungary.
M: No, I loved Hungary. But also I've been what, yacht, is it a yacht, a boat? Oh, speedboats. I like speedboats. Yeah, once we were on a speedboat in the south of Russia, really nice.
R: We're learning a lot about Maria right now.
M: Yeah. We saw dolphins.
R: You're a big boat fan.
M: Yeah, I was drinking champagne, swimming. And actually diving from the boat is really nice, into the open water.
M: Yeah, you see, no microbes. No, you know.
R: That you know of.
M: People. Not many people that you know. So some insights into Maria's life, because this podcast is pretty much all about me.
R: Me and the sea. Thank you for exploring the sea of vocabulary with us. We'll be back next time with some more stuff.
M: Stuff. Band nine phrase. Thank you very much! Bye-bye!
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