This episode's vocabulary
- Founder (noun) - someone who establishes an organization.
- Franchise (noun) - a right to sell a company's products in a particular area using the company's name.
- Represent (verb) - to speak, act, or be present officially for another person or people.
- Company (noun) - an organization that sells goods or services in order to make money.
- Endeavor (noun) - an effort or attempt to do something.
- Excursion (noun) - a short journey usually made for pleasure, often by a group of people.
- Enterprise (noun) - an organization, especially a business, or a difficult and important plan, especially one that will earn money.
- To progress (verb) - to improve or develop in skills, knowledge, etc.
- Commercial (adj.) - related to buying and selling things.
- Disparate (adj.) - different in every way.
- Industrious (adj.) - an industrious person works hard.
- Work ethic (adj.) - the belief that work is morally good.
- Charisma (noun) - a special power that some people have naturally that makes them able to influence other people and attract their attention and admiration.
- To work out (phrasal verb) - (of a situation) to happen or develop in a particular, esp. a satisfactory, way, or (of a person) to be suitable for a particular situation.
Questions and Answers
M: Today Rory is going to describe a businessman he admires. He's going to say who this person is, how he knew this person, what business the person does, and he's going to explain why he admires this businessman. Rory, could you start speaking now, please.
R: I suppose this is quite typical of a British person, but I'll go with it anyway. I quite like Richard Branson. He's the founder of Virgin or the Virgin Corporation. Sometimes it's called the Virgin franchise. He's definitely British. And I think more accurately, I'm pretty sure he's English. It would be quite difficult not to be aware of him, frankly speaking, since he's in the news, either like himself, or represented by his company. I think the most recent endeavor of his was the excursion into space with Virgin Galactic. That's the, well, one element of the company that he owns. But that's just a small part of what the larger enterprise does. The history of the company is actually quite varied. I think they started in the 1980s as a sort of record company, like a music record company. And then they progressed into lots of different fields like commercial aviation. There used to be a company called Virgin Atlantic, for example. And I think there still is. And they had beverages, there was virgin cola for a while. I don't think that was as successful as the airline company. But still, I remember drinking it when I was much younger, and it didn't really taste that much different from a regular Coke, to be honest with you. I don't know what that says about the two products. But there you go. And all sorts of other disparate bits and pieces via certain other franchises. It's quite impressive when you think about actually. Of course, it isn't all just the work of one man. I think he must have worked with 1000s of other people over the years. And of course, technology is developed over time to aid with the different companies and products he's been involved in. But Richard seems to be the glue that holds all of these things together. I think that's down to his industrious, work ethic, incredible charisma and willingness to take a chance on just about anything. It hasn't always worked out. But at least he's tried. And that's better than not trying at all.
M: What about your friends? Do they like this person?
R: I don't know if they like him, but they certainly heard of him.
M: Thank you, Rory, for your lovely answer!
M: Richard Branson, hmm. Yeah, dear listener, now you should choose what businessmen you'd like to talk about. And you should choose a person that you know something about. For example, you can talk about Richard Branson, you can talk about Mark, how do you pronounce his surname? Zuckerberg.
M: Zuckerberg. Hmm. Okay, the founder of Facebook, Mark Z. Elon Musk is more easily pronounced. So Elon Musk could be called a businessman, right?
R: Yes. Even entrepreneur.
M: Entrepreneur. Yeah.
R: That's the word that we could use as well. But I used the word enterprise, which is the company. Entrepreneur is the person, enterprise is like the idea for the business.
M: Yes. And then you go ahead and talk about this person. And you can use these phrases and language about any person, right? So for example, I quite like Richard Branson. Or I quite like Elon Musk. Again, even if you don't like Elon Musk, you can talk about him, you know, because we can speak about certain things that he's done. The founder of Virgin, or the founder of and then you say the company, the founder of Facebook, or you can say he founded Facebook.
R: Or we could go passive voice. The company was founded by him in the 1980s, for example.
R: Passive voice.
M: Richard Branson is British. He was born in London, and he's still alive. He is 71 years old. And that's why Rory has used present tenses and present perfect when he was describing him. Right, Rory? Am I correct about your tense forms usage?
R: You're the English teacher here.
M: Yeah. Even if you're not sure where he's from, you can say, well, he might be an American or British, I'm pretty sure his English. Or I'm not sure. Then you can say he's in the news. He is always in the spotlight.
R: There was passive voice. I said he's in the news or represented by his company. Passive voice.
M: Yeah, we are fond of passive voice. So he is in the news or is represented by his company, or you can just lose his and say he's in the news represented by his company. Then you said something about his most recent endeavor.
R: Yes, endeavor is like long term project requiring a lot of effort.
M: Yeah, or recently he's done something. Right? So his recent endeavor?
R: Yeah, Endeavor sounds better.
M: And then you go like, that is just a small part of what the larger enterprise does. Can I call Facebook an enterprise?
R: I would say so. Why not?
M: Elon Musk, also, what would you call his enterprise?
R: Being crazy and coming up with all these mad ideas.
M: Oh, God. Yes, dear listener, unfortunately, you should know some information about certain business people to be able to answer this question.
R: Well, you don't need to, you just make it up. And no one's gonna know.
M: Oh yeah, I'm going to talk about Boris Yellow. Oh, you don't know him? Oh, yes. He's a famous businessman.
R: Well, let me tell you about Boris.
M: Boris Yellow makes whiskey in Scotland. You haven't heard about yellow whiskey? No? Ah, you should try it. You know? Yeah, dear listener, you can do that. Technically it's possible. Oh, Elon Musk is 50 years old. Oh, wow. Okay. He was born in South Africa. Wow. That's interesting.
R: Boris Yellow.
M: No, Elon Musk. Yeah. Anyway, what else can we say about a businessman, about any businessman? You can say like the history of his company is quite varied. Or they started as. So he started as something. And then you say it's quite impressive, when you think about it, actually. It's quite impressive.
R: And then explain why it's quite impressive.
M: And then you said, I think he must have worked with 1000s of people over the years. A very good grammar structure.
R: Oh, must have for logical deduction based on information.
M: Yeah. Instead of saying, I think maybe he worked with 1000s of people, you say he must have worked. Must have worked. He must have worked. Maybe, not maybe, probably, he worked. I'm pretty sure he worked with many people, he must have worked. Very nice. And then he has developed certain things or he has created. Again, if you are talking about a person who is alive. like Elon Musk, for example, he has created or he has founded like he's, he's founded. He's, oh, he's the richest person in the world. Oh, wow. Elon Musk is the richest person in the world as of November 2021. Wow, look at him.
R: Focus on Richard Branson. Would you? We were talking about Richard Branson. You're like obsessed with Elon Musk as if he's listening to us or something. Elon, if you're listening, could you please give us some free money.
M: Sponsor. Yeah, sponsor our postcard.
R: No, don't even sponsor, just send the money directly to my bank account. I will spend it very responsibly. On Jack Daniels for me and shoes for Maria.
M: Oh, yes, that will be lovely. Richard Branson can also contribute to the prosperity of this podcast.
R: I'd say Richard Branson is British, he's gonna be very tight-fisted, I think.
M: Ah, yeah. Okay. Elon Musk is from South Africa. Yeah, just money. Okay, take my money. Anyway, Richard Branson, right. Like he's been involved with or he's developed. So present perfect and what exactly he does. Unfortunately, you should have some idea about the actions, about the activities that this businessman is involved in.
R: Or involved with.
M: With, yeah. Because to be involved with people, with activities. When you described Richard, what adjectives did you use in the last paragraph? At the very end of your speech?
R: Well, actually, I didn't really I didn't use any specific like one words. It was more phrases to describe what he does. So it was like industrious work ethic, incredible charisma, willingness to take a chance. So these are all adjectival phrases is the phrase that I'm going to use. I'm guessing there's a different one.
M: Okay. Yeah. Well, collocations, phrases, vocabulary. And you said that, like, explain why you admire this businessman. So you can say, I really admire this person, because of his incredible charisma, willingness to take a chance. So he is willing to take a chance, he is ready to take a chance. And you said, it's down to. So it's down to his charisma, maybe like his success is down to his charisma. It's down to his willingness to take a chance. Also meaning like it's because, because of. And then you said, it hasn't always worked out well.
R: Which part of that do you want to focus on?
M: Present Perfect, of course. And work out is a phrasal verb.
R: And if you like phrasal verb. More advertising.
M: No, it's premium. We can't advertise things on premium.
R: Yes, we can. successwithielts.com/podcourses. I just did it. Advertising.
M: So if you say it hasn't always worked out well, it means that well, sometimes he was not successful. If something works out, well, everything is good.
R: I like, I like that. If everything works out well. Well, then it's good.
M: It's like how was your exam? Yeah, it worked out well.
R: If everything works out well, it has a positive end result after the effort of working. God Almighty.
M: Ah, thank you. Thank you for this advanced explanation. Yeah. Okay, cool. So dear listener, go online and choose this businessman. Alright? So about Richard Branson, that's a good story. Again, you can use Rory's ideas here. Richard Branson, he's been married twice. He's been married. Right? And, yeah, he enjoys kite surfing, kite surfing. Aha. And he holds some world records in kite surfing. He is very experienced in kite surfing.
R: I don't know. I've never been kite surfing.
M: Yeah, but I think Richard Branson is a good person to talk about. Or Elon Musk. Again, if you know some vocabulary and you can talk about Elon Musk's activities. Or you can talk about Rory. Dear listener, you can say that Rory is a businessman who you admire. Admire or look up to. That's another phrasal verb by the way. I really look up to Rory. I admire Rory. Well, Rory, can you be a businessman to help our listener?
R: No, no, Vanya can be a businessman.
M: Hmm. Yeah, dear listener, you can talk about Vanya.
R: However, on the subject of businesses, there's a set of vocabulary that regardless of what you decide, or who you decide to talk about, you could use for this. So for example, founder for the person who creates the company, represented by, and then company, endeavor, enterprise, commercial. Did I say franchises?
M: No, but that's a good one.
R: I'm saying it now. Franchises. And then obviously worked with, company, companies, products, products, goods, services, work ethic, charisma, and then talking about trying.
M: And now you know that Elon Musk is the richest person in the world as of November 2020. Now you know. Thank you very much for listening! We'll hear you in the next episode in speaking part three, where we're going to be talking about successes and businesses, and all that jazz. Bye! Bye-bye-bye-bye-bye!
Make sure to subscribe to our social media to see some of the “behind the scenes” stuff:
Our Instagram: bit.ly/instagramswi
Our Telegram: bit.ly/telegramswi