Maria: I don't remember anything after this party because I lost consciousness and I fainted.
Rory: Did you pass out?
Maria: Yeah, I did! "I don't remember anything because I passed out. So "pass out" means to faint when you just drop on the floor unconscious, so you lose a consciousness. Or you can also pass out because you fall asleep after a lot of alcohol, for example.
Maria: I reached into my bag, and I took some lipstick out of it.
Rory: Well, you just said "took out", right?
Maria: Yeah, but I need another phrasal verb.
Rory: You pulled it out?
Maria: More fun!
Rory: You whipped it out?
Maria: Even more fun. I removed lipstick from my bag. Sometimes you know we go, and then we catch this, and then we we eat it.
Rory: I have absolutely no idea...
Maria: You go to Turkey, go on a boat trip and then you go... You catch... And then you eat it...
Rory: You fished it out!
Maria: Yes, I fished it out. Absolutely! I fished out lipstick out of my bag. It means remove it. So, fish something out - "I can fish out a pen out of my pocket", for example, "I can fish out something interesting from Rory's pockets.", whatever it is.
Maria: It's going to be my birthday on the sixth of May. And I'm going to eat a lot.
Rory: Are you going to pig out?
Maria: Yes. Indeed! That's my favourite phrasal verb! Yeah, when I took this delta exam for teachers, one of the tasks was to write an example of a phrasal verb. So I wrote "pig out". So "pig out", a pig, yes, it's an animal, it means it's a lot. So for example, "We picked out on the New Year's Eve"
Maria: Rory, I'm serious about this, please listen to everything I say attentively. Listen to me. I'm going to tell you about my love life.
Rory: You don't want me to tune out of what it is you're talking about?
Maria: No! I want you to ___ me out.
Rory: Hear you out?
Maria: Yay! To hear me out - it means to listen to everything I have to say.
Mechanics of phrasal verbs with DOWN
Leaving a place/start something
Maria: When we talk about the preposition "out", it could mean the opposite of "in", and also it could mean that someone leaves a place. For example: "Get out, get out of here!" So, for example: "Get out of the car, get out of a van".
Rory: But maybe you're bored and you want to get out of the house. So you head out.
Maria: So "head out" means to go out. For example: "We're gonna head out at seven".
Rory: Before you do that though, make sure you log out of your computer.
Maria: Or like, don't log out of your computer. I need to check out your Instagram. For some reason, Rory, I need to check it out.
Rory: You'll need to check it out when I move out of my apartment.
Maria: Yeah, "move out" - leave a place you live or work in. So for example: "Rory is gonna move out of his Moscow apartment".
Rory: As I start out my career as a primary school teacher!
Maria: Start out means to begin a journey or a career. For example: "I started out as a primary school teacher". No, Rory, you started out as an ADOS in Moscow.
Rory: I started out as a teacher.
Maria: As a teacher, yeah. So Rory started out as a teacher, but now he's a podcaster pod-course-caster! Then Rory becomes all angry and...
Rory: I might storm out of the room.
Maria: Yeah, so we are recording in a studio. And suddenly, Rory becomes all angry and he just leaves this studio angrily. So he storms out of the room. He got mad and stormed out.
Rory: I could never be angry with you.
Maria: I know, lovely, because you are too lovely.
Maria: Out could mean outside, not inside.
Rory: For example, you might really like someone and you ask them out on a date.
Maria: Yeah, Rory has never asked me out. He's never invited me on a date...
Rory: But if I did, we might dine out.
Maria: Yeah. Dine Out. "Dine" means dinner - to have dinner outside your home. Let's dine out or eat out - in the restaurant. Let's eat out tonight.
Rory: Of course, we behave badly at the restaurant, we might get kicked out.
Maria: Yeah, kicked out because Rory might go heavy on his whiskey, (because he's from Scotland. That's why he drinks only whiskey. Okay?) So he'll get kicked out. Also, if Rory drinks whiskey at university where he's gonna be studying, he's gonna get kicked out, meaning expelled from university.
Rory: And when that happens, a lot of people will know. And we can also use phrasal verbs with "out" to talk about something that's publicly known.
Talking about something that's publicly known
Rory: For example, come out, which is when a secret is revealed or an item was published.
Maria: We can also say he came out.
Rory: We could, but we're not going to. So, the next thing is, of course, something might come out intentionally, but something might also leak out, which is where it becomes public knowledge but by accident, yeah, unless someone has done it on purpose, in which case, it's called a leak.
Maria: For example, Vanya works on TV, and he has some secret information, and he can leak it out to us. He makes it become public knowledge. So he leaks it out, leak out information.
Rory: Of course, in these circumstances, he'll be whispering but you can also use it to talk about a sound that is loud and clear.
A sound that is loud and clear
Rory: For example...
Maria: SCOTLAND FREEEEDOOOM! I'm crying out to illustrate what cry out means.
Rory: Yes, for example: "Maria just cried out", "She let out the sound". She didn't read it out, because this was not on the script!
Maria: No. But cry out can also mean when you cry in pain or shock. So like: "Oh, they cried out in horror", for example.
Talking about something that finishes or ends
Rory: Of course phrasal verbs with out can also to be used to talk about something that finishes or ends? For example, if things die out, then that means they become extinct. "The dinosaurs have died out".
Maria: Yeah, dinosaurs have died out, or, some animal is dying out now. So the Amur tiger, if I'm not mistaken, is dying out - becoming extinct. If you quit a course, you drop out. So you embark on a course, you enroll on a course, and then you decided to stop. So you "drop out of school" or "drop out of the course".
Rory: And of course, if you drop out of your course, then make sure that you sign out of the computer in the university or the place where you're going to school.
Maria: Yep, sign out, like close a computer program. Sign Out.
Rory: You might not quit entirely. Something might just time out which is when it ends or closes because of a time limit.
Maria: Yeah, time out is usually quite brief, like 15 minutes. 30 minutes. "Yeah, let's take a timeout".
To run out of something
Rory: You might need a timeout after you've run out of energy and phrasal verbs with out can be used to talk about it in this way. For example: "you run out of...".
Maria: Yeah, "I ran out of milk. I'm running out of patience or energy." Yep, I'm low on energy I'm running out of energy, there's no energy left.
Rory: You might run out of patience because you're frustrated with your life because you sold out...
Maria: Sold out what? My soul?
Rory: Sold out your principles...
Maria: Yes, if you sell something out, there is no more of something left, everything has been bought. So for example: "They've sold out all Harry Potter books.", or "They sold out all new iPhones"
Maria: We have another phrasal verb without which is break out. And surprisingly, it means to start. We use it about wars, conflicts, for example: The war broke out in..." and then the year. So, "The second world war broke out in..." when Rory?
Maria: Yes... the second world war, right?
Rory: Oh, I thought you said the First World War. Sorry. Then it will be 1939.
Maria: Yeah, on this course, I'm checking Rory's knowledge on phrasal verbs, as well as history.
Rory: These are the main patterns, but there are other ones, like, to leave out, which means not include. Sometimes Vanya feels left out.
Maria: Because he's not included. He's not with us, so he feels left out.
Rory: And possibly he's missing out on some fun...
Maria: To miss out - not to do something enjoyable, not to be included. For example: " I missed out on this birthday party Rory had last year", or you can say like: "Oh, I'm gonna miss out on this one".
Rory: You'll need to be careful not to burn out!
Maria: To lose enthusiasm or energy to continue. Like, "Oh, Rory burned himself out when he was working at a language school together with me in Moscow". You were working nonstop. You were slaving away night and say.
Rory: I was. I needed to learn to chill out...
Maria: Which means relax.
Rory: And I had to figure out how to do that.
Maria: Figure out - find the answer to a problem.
Rory: And eventually we grew out of that horrible company and made our own one.
Maria: Yeah, so grow out of - growth too large or lose interest. For example: "Rory grew out of his trousers, he became too big..". And also, Rory grew out of working in a hellhole. Rory grew out of working in this company and started working on this Podcourse.
Rory: It's not a company, it's a joke.
And that brings us to the end of our episode about out, however, we should figure out a way to summarize everything. So out can be used to mean when someone leaves the place - get out of here, head out. We can use it to talk about outside - dine out, Rory asked me out. And we can also talk about a sound that is loud and clear - cry out, let out some sound of joy. The end or the finish of something - dinosaurs died out. And then you can talk about it having none of something left - I'm running out of shoes. I have no shoes to wear. Only 20 pairs! Or to start something. - the conflict broke out last week.
More useful phrasal verbs with OUT
Move out - to leave a place you live or work in.
- He moved out when he was only 18.
Come out - when a secret is revealed or an item is published, Or to talk about the sun/moon they appear in the sky
- When does their new album come out?
- The clouds finally parted and the sun came out.
- When the truth came out, there was public outrage.
Come out - telling people about sexual orientation or gender identity
- Don't feel under pressure to come out - take your time.
- A title of an article: 8 celebrities who have come out as LGBTQ in 2021
Walk out - to leave an event such as a meeting or performance because you are angry or disapprove of something
- All the parents walked out (of the meeting) in protest.
Walk out on somebody - to suddenly leave your husband, wife, or partner and end your relationship with them
- He walked out on his wife and two kids.
- Rory’s excessive drinking was the last straw. His partner walked out on him.
Let out - to make a sound
- The children let out shouts of delight when they saw the cake.
Read out - to read aloud rather than silently
- He read the list of names out.
Chill out – to relax
- The students could chill out for a week after their exams had finished.
Carry out - to do or complete something
- He carried out the task efficiently and cheerfully.
- Scientists carried out an experiment.
Watch out - be careful!
- Watch out – you’re going to hit that car!
Stand out - to be very noticeable
- The black colour really stands out on that orange background.
- We had lots of good applicants for the job, but one stood out from the rest.