Do you usually wear T-shirts? Do you like wearing T-shirts? Would you buy T-shirts as souvenirs on holiday? Do you like T-shirts with pictures and prints? Are older people who wear T-shirts fashionable?
  • Vest (noun) - a type of underwear, often with no sleeves, that covers the upper part of the body, worn for extra warmth.
  • Singlet (noun) - a piece of clothing without sleeves that is worn on the top part of the body under clothes, or for playing particular sports.
  • Hoodie (noun) - a sweatshirt (= cotton clothing for the upper body) that has a hood to cover the head.
  • To throw on (phrasal verb) - to put on a piece of clothing quickly.
  • Casually (adverb) - in a way that is not formal or not suitable for a special or official occasion.
  • To dress up (phrasal verb) - to put on formal clothes for a special occasion.
  • To come across (phrasal verb) - to give other people a certain feeling or opinion.
  • To one's taste - agreeable or pleasing to one.
  • To pass judgment, comment, etc. - to express a judgment or opinion about something, especially someone else's behaviour.
  • To sway (verb) - to persuade someone to believe or do one thing rather than another.
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Questions and Answers
M: Do you usually wear t-shirts?

R: These days? Only if I'm out with people. Normally, I just wear a vest or a singlet and a hoodie, since it's easier to throw on and just wear casually. And I don't need to get dressed up all the time, do I?

M: Do you like wearing T-shirts?

R: I don't really have a problem with them, to be honest. But now I work from home, there's little need to have them on all the time. I like them when I'm out, though. They go up with just about anything.

M: Would you buy T-shirts as souvenirs on holiday?

R: I used to, but now, not really. I don't think it's very sustainable or economical, to be honest. Better to take nothing but photos and leave nothing but footprints.

M: Do you like T-shirts with pictures and prints?

R: When I was younger, I would often buy them. But again, not now. I think it makes me come across as a bit childish or silly, in my opinion. It's just not to my taste. Or at least not to my grown-up taste.

M: Are older people who wear T-shirts fashionable?

R: I have no idea. I don't have much of a fashion sense myself. So I can't exactly pass judgment on others. But I would consider it normal for an older person to wear a T-shirt if they want to. It doesn't sway me one way or the other.
M: I wear t-shirts. I think everybody wears T-shirts. When I'm out with people. So I'm out, out of the house. I'm with people. I wear a T-shirt. Or I wear T-shirts. So careful with shirts. And then Rory uses some topic-specific vocabulary. What kind of clothes does he wear? Wear a vest or a singlet? So what's a singlet?

R: A singlet is just a kind of vest, to be honest.

M: So go to Google Images. A singlet. Like, you know, like I'm single. A singlet.

R: Although, as it turns out, there are many kinds of singlet. There's one for wrestling, which obviously I don't wear, but there's also just the kind of vest, to be honest.

M: Oh, okay. So but a singlet for working out. Yeah? To go to the gym.

R: Yes. Well, I mean, I don't think it makes a difference, to be honest. I don't wear that to go to the gym. But you can if you like.

M: Yeah. Or sometimes I wear a hoodie. But a hoodie is not a T-shirt.

R: It is not. No. But that's what you wear over it.

M: Yeah. So make sure you use two of these words, for example, like, oh, yeah, I usually wear a t-shirt or a vest or a singlet. And usually, I put a hoodie on. A hoodie. It's easier to throw on. So kind of a hoodie, it's easier to throw a hoodie on a t-shirt?

R: It's easier to throw on a hoodie than a t-shirt.

M: Ah, it's easier to put on a hoodie, rather than a t-shirt?

R: I think so. Yeah. It's like looser. So you just put up your hands and it falls on you.

M: So you don't wear a T-shirt under your hoodie?

R: No, I wear a vest.

M: Ah, okay. Okay. So, and the verbs we can use, I put on a T-shirt. I wear a T-shirt. I put on a T-shirt and then I put on a hoodie. Or like kind of it's easier to throw on. Throw on a hoodie. I wear casual clothes. So if you wear T-shirts and hoodies, these clothes are casual. And you can say that I don't get dressed up every day. Because I wear a hoodie and a T-shirt. And Rory used a tag question here. I don't need to get dressed up all the time, do I?

R: Although, I think I might be pushing it a little bit if I say putting on a t-shirt is getting dressed up. But for me it is.

M: What is dressed up?

R: Dressed up is just making a good effort with your appearance, in my opinion. And I think putting on a T-shirt is making an effort. But other opinions are available.

M: Dear listener, look at him. Yeah, so to get dressed up is to put on something nice. Like a lovely dress or a nice jacket. And for Rory wearing a simple t-shirt is getting dressed up. Oh, my God. Okay. But you can say like, okay, like, I don't need to get dressed up all the time, do I? Or like everybody wears t-shirts. Don't they? That was also nice. Tag questions. I love wearing T-shirts. Rory said I don't really have a problem with them. So I'm absolutely okay with T-shirts. I have them on all the time.
R: Or there's little need to have them on all the time.

M: Yeah, you don't say put them on. You can say just, okay, I have them on. I wear them. So to have something on means to wear it. T-shirts go with just about anything. Here we're talking about style. So T-shirts match jeans, they go with any other clothes. Okay? But we know, dear listener, that T-shirts don't go with anything. Well, it should be like a special T-shirt or a kind of... A nice T-shirt, to go with these trousers or with jeans. So you know, you should think about it. It's not just like you put things on randomly like Rory does.

R: I don't put things on randomly. I just put things on which are comfortable. But that's not random if it's consistent.

M: We usually buy T-shirts as souvenirs.

R: Do we?

M: Yeah. Well, I used to buy lots of T-shirts. Yeah. When I visited Ireland. I have a T-shirt from Ireland, from London. I have a hoodie from Oxford.

R: Oh, my God. Why?

M: Oh, it's a must.

R: Is it? Do I need to buy one when I'm there?

M: Yes, Rory. Absolutely. Rory, yes. It says Oxford. Come on.

R: By the time this episode is going out, I will be in a store in Oxford buying the hoodie just because. Consumerism.

M: Yes, but this is just a must. It's like tradition. And dear listener. Yes. Our Rory will go to Oxford, but not like to study but to teach people. Can you imagine our Rory in Oxford? Wow. In an Oxford hoody.

R: Actually, that's not a bad idea, because my current hoodie is falling to pieces. So I'm going to make a note of that in the diary now.

M: There you go. You can say that I used to buy T-shirts as souvenirs but not anymore. And then you can quote Rory. It's better to take nothing but photos. So don't take any souvenirs, take photos, and leave nothing but footprints. So after yourself, you leave only your footprints which are on the ground. You don't leave any rubbish, any, you know, bad energy.

R: That's actually a phrase. Take nothing but pictures and leave nothing but footprints. It's to encourage people not to mess up the area that they're visiting, I suppose.

M: Yeah, like don't buy stuff, just you know, live happily with one t-shirt and one hoodie. You don't even need trousers or shoes. You know, just it will be fine.

R: Let's talk about what sustainable means.

M: Sustainable. Yes.
R: One of the core concepts of sustainability is that it's something that can be done over a long period of time. So if you are just producing t-shirts for people to buy as souvenirs on holiday, that's not very sustainable, because they have to be manufactured cheaply and shipped across the world. And it creates pollution. And then people buy them. And because they're cheaply made, they fall apart. And the people who make these things are not paid well. So all in all, it's not a very good thing to be unsustainable.

M: Yes. So you can say that buying T-shirts as souvenirs is not very sustainable. Hey!

R: And it's not economical.

M: It's not economical because you spend money, right?

R: Well, it's not just to do with that. It's also because, well, usually, they're expensive, and then they fall apart. So I don't see the point in buying it if it's not going to last for a reasonable amount of time.

M: T-shirts could be with pictures, prints or different patterns. And here you can use would. So you can speak about your childhood or your earlier years when you were a child. And you can say that when I was younger, I would often buy them with prints and pictures. With, I don't know, different faces of famous musicians, for example. So you see? Would. This means that when I was younger I often bought t-shirts with pictures and prints. Instead of "bought", you can say would often buy, but this means that in the past, you did it regularly. You can also use used to. When I was a child, I used to buy T-shirts with pictures and prints. When I was younger, I would often buy them, but not now. Such t-shirts make me come across as a bit childish or silly. Come across. So if I wear a t-shirt with pictures or prints I come across as silly. So "come across" like people see me as a silly person, as a childish person, like as a child.

R: Yeah, it's the impression you create.

M: And you can say like, well, such t-shirts are not to my taste. I don't like such t-shirts. They are not to my taste. I prefer plain T-shirts like yellow or black or black or black. Also, I enjoy black.

R: Who are you describing here?

M: Plain black t-shirts. Plain? Like fully black. Older people who wear T-shirts could be fashionable. Rory has no idea. And you can say, here, the examiner, I have no idea.

R: Sorry. It was just the way that Maria said that. Rory is obviously not fashionable. Goodbye.

M: Yeah, but older people can be fashionable. Like doesn't matter what they wear. Yeah?
R: Yeah, I think so.

M: And here Rory explains it. Like I don't have much of a fashion sense myself. So I'm not into fashion. I don't have a fashion sense myself. I can't pass judgment on others. To pass judgment on people. What does mean?

R: It means to discuss something about their character or how they look just based on their appearance. So this is passing judgment. They're a good person or a bad person, they dress well or they dress badly. But if you are like me, and you don't have much of a fashion sense, you're not very good at fashion. And you can't turn around or you can't talk to people and say, well, you have no fashion sense, because that's hypocritical.

M: Yeah. And then Rory uses an idiom. It doesn't sway me one way or the other. What does it mean?

R: It just means I don't care if they're, I don't think about them being fashionable or unfashionable, just whatever they're wearing doesn't sway me in this direction. It doesn't send me in this particular direction. Could you give us another example? Well, you'll need to ask me a question first. Preferably one with two possible answers.

M: Are people who wear jeans fashionable?

R: Well, I don't know. I don't have much of a taste in jeans. So I can't exactly pass judgment on. But it's normal for people to wear jeans if they want to. So I mean, this doesn't sway me one way or the other.

M: So if they wear jeans, you're okay. And if you don't wear jeans, you don't care.

R: I don't mind if they don't. Yeah. Just wear something. Trousers. Shorts. Anything.

M: Okay, what about some other topic? Yeah, and for example, like, beautiful people. Do you think that beautiful people are always smart?

R: Yeah. So in the same way. I mean, you could be, you could be beautiful. And you could be clever. But I don't think those things are they go hand in hand. They're not innately connected to each other. So if I see someone good-looking, it doesn't sway me one way or the other. I'd need to hear what they have to say about different topics.

M: Yeah, sweet. Right, dear listener, make sure you listen to our episodes in 2023. The link is in the description and watch our video to see Rory changing his t-shirts. It's fun.

R: Well, no, to see the different t-shirts, not to see me getting in and out of them.

M: Yeah, like how many T-shirts did you change? Like five?

R: Five, six?

M: Bye!

R: Bye!
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